What is Incoterm Overview (International Commercial Term)

Today’s learn about Incoterm overview. What is Incoterm, Type of incoterm, Rules and Regulation of Incoterm. What is the full form of incoterm, all related question about incoterms we will cover in this articles, Please reads this artcles to all

What is Incoterm Overview International Commercial Term Incoterm

What is Incoterm Overview

Incoterms (International Commercial Terms) are a set of standard trade terms widely used in international commercial transactions. They define the responsibilities of buyers and sellers for the delivery of goods under sales contracts and help to reduce misunderstandings and disputes.

Some of the most commonly used Incoterms include FOB (Free on Board), CIF (Cost, Insurance, and Freight), and EXW (Ex Works).

Each Incoterm specifies the obligations and costs of the buyer and seller for transportation, insurance, and customs clearance, among other things.

Full from of Incoterm

The full form of incoterm is international commercial term. They are published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and are updated periodically

Type of incoterm

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) are decided in the 11th term decided in international terms in which in define that what will be exact level point for sellers according to the terms.

Know About 13 incoterm

Incoterm short TextIncoterm Long Text
EXWEx work
FCAFree Carriage and Freight
FASFree Alongside ship
FOBFree Onboard Ship
CFRCost and Freight
CIFCost, Insurance and Freight
CPTCarriage pad TO
CIPCarriage Insurance Pad To
DAPDelivered and Place
DPUDelivered and place unload
DDPDelivered duty pad

Calification of Incoterm

The incoterm are divided into four principle category like as E, F, C and D. Now we will be looking for the definition of all category

Category E(Departure): Which contain only one traitor that is exw (EXW) (Ex Words)

Category F(Main carriage unpaid) : In this contents 3 traders that is

  • FCA(Free Carriage and Freight)
  • FAS(Free Alongside ship)
  • FOB(Free Onboard Ship)

Category C(Main carriage Paid): In this contents four trade terms. That is,

  • CPT(Carriage pad TO)
  • CIP(Carriage Insurance Pad To)
  • CFR(Cost and Freight)
  • CIF(Cost, Insurance and Freight)

Category D(Arrival): in this contain four three terms. Like as,

  • DAP(Delivered and Place)
  • DPU(Delivered and place unload)
  • DDP(Delivered duty pad)


Q: What are the 4 most used Incoterms


  • EXW (Ex Works)
  • DDP (Delivered Duty Paid)
  • FOB (Free on Board)
  • CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freight)
  • FAS (Free Alongside Ship)

Q: Why many Type of Incoterm ?

Ans: Theare are 11 Types of incoterm

Q: Calification of Incoterm ?

Ans: The incoterm are divided into four principle category like as E, F, C and D

Q: What is Full from of Incoterm ?

Ans: The full form of incoterm is international commercial term

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